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Wind power propels the green transition forward 

Wind power plays a significant role in advancing the green transition and building a sustainable energy society. At Sweco, we have extensive expertise in all aspects of wind energy farm projects – from necessary assessments and legal procedures to biodiversity assessments, energy efficiency optimization, and wind energy farm planning. We also help integrate wind power into other renewable energy technologies. 

Wind power is sustainable and renewable energy

Wind energy farms produce renewable electricity from wind, which helps to break away from fossil fuel energy production methods such as coal, natural gas, and peat. At the same time, wind power production increases Finland’s energy self-sufficiency.

Moreover, renewable wind energy is the answer to climate change, energy transition and the green transition of society. 

Heating production is electrifying rapidly. Onshore and offshore wind turbine farms enable heating production through various heat pumps and energy recycling and storage. 

Wind energy plant projects – from planning to execution 

Wind energy plant projects – from planning to execution 

At Sweco, we offer a comprehensive service package for wind energy plant projects. Our experts ensure that wind energy plants are located, permitted, designed, and constructed correctly and responsibly, from both human and environmental perspectives. We serve energy and SPVs, municipalities, and property owners in various business areas. 

 Our consultants specializing in wind power play a key role in project initiation. Collaboration often begins in the preliminary study phase, where we focus on wind power strategies, business models, and technology monitoring. Our experts in regional and project development, as well as in environmental consulting, guide the entire project team in the right direction throughout the project, ensuring smooth wind power production, transmission, utilization, and storage. 

Wind turbine farms: geotechnical permits, investigations, and reports

Comprehensive data and various studies, assessments and surveys are required for all wind turbine farm projects. We carry out all the necessary surveys and statutory procedures for wind turbine farms, such as environmental impact assessments  and component master plans. We help manage the entire licensing process to ensure the project is completed in good spirits and on schedule. 

Environmental reports

Environmental assessments for wind energy farms encompass a range of factors, including their impact on nature. These evaluations consider the effects of wind turbines on the landscape and cultural heritage, as well as on living conditions, including issues such as noise and shadows. They also examine potential impacts on water systems, transportation, and the local flora and fauna. Special attention is paid to the presence of breeding and migratory birds, flying squirrels, bats, and the marine ecosystem in the context of offshore wind farms.  

Geospatial and soil surveys

Prior to wind turbine design, it is required to conduct geospatial and soil surveys. These surveys serve as the foundation for evaluating various design options and determining the most efficient approaches. We always determine on a case-by-case basis what kind of loads the wind turbine foundations will be subject to and how they can be managed with infrastructure as well as geotechnical and structural design. Additionally, we carry out essential stormwater surveys as part of our comprehensive assessment process. 

Investment surveys

At the beginning of a wind energy farm project, it is important to evaluate the economic conditions. Energy investment studies and comparative analyses ensure the economic viability of the wind energy farm. Important preliminary surveys also include production forecasts and appropriate sizing of wind turbine capacities.

Wind energy farm design and implementation

Wind energy farm projects require multidisciplinary design expertise and coordination of different technical fields. That is why we offer all wind energy farm designers and supervisors under the same roof. This ensures that the completed wind turbine farm operates optimally and produces energy with the best possible efficiency. 

In many wind energy farm projects, we actively assess various options for wind power storage. Energy can be efficiently stored using methods like soil or rock storage, sand storage, water reservoirs, or integration with a district heating network. Additionally, surplus wind energy can be harnessed for the eco-friendly production of green hydrogen. 

Throughout the construction phase, our experts play a vital role in monitoring and ensuring quality, including rigorous testing and research on concrete structures. Following the commissioning stage, our services extend to warranty inspections, maintenance planning, and ongoing production monitoring to optimize the farm’s performance. 

Wind turbine technology: digital tools and communication

The utilization of wind power is constantly evolving, and often the entire project team is at the forefront of new technology. Our approach involves the integration of a range of digital tools, including VirtualSite, PlanPlus and SmartDrawings in project communication, result presentations and design solution comparisons. We also offer comprehensive modeling, simulation, and optimization services, such as noise and shading modeling. 

According to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the green transition should be equitable for all. Therefore, clear external communication and visualizations are needed in wind power projects. We actively engage in resident surveys and conduct workshops throughout the project’s lifecycle. Furthermore, we foster collaboration with regulatory authorities, demonstrating the project’s collective impact. This transparent and participatory communication approach significantly enhances the project’s acceptability among stakeholders.  

In addition to our expertise in wind power, we are well-versed in various renewable energy technologies and hybrid projects. These projects often combine elements like solar panels with wind turbines, creating synergies in clean energy production.  

Onshore and offshore wind energy farms

Onshore and offshore wind energy farms have their own advantages, with factors like location, wind resource, environmental impact, and cost influencing the choice between them. The decision often depends on local conditions and project goals. 

Onshore wind farms

Onshore wind energy farms are strategically positioned in regions with advantageous wind patterns, including plains, hilltops, and coastal areas. Their proximity to populated zones and established infrastructure streamlines grid connectivity.  

One advantage of onshore wind farms is their accessibility and cost-effectiveness when it comes to installation and maintenance. Since they are situated on land, technicians can easily reach the turbines without the need for specialized vessels or complex offshore logistics. On the other hand, the wind conditions on land can exhibit more variability and turbulence compared to offshore locations.  

Offshore wind farms

Offshore wind farms are located in bodies of water, typically in the open ocean or expansive lakes which require the use of undersea cabling for grid connection. One of the advantages of offshore wind farms is the consistency and higher wind speeds, providing a dependable source of wind energy. Yet, the installation and maintenance of offshore wind farms is more complex and costly. Special vessels and equipment are essential for offshore operations, contributing to the higher initial investment required for these projects.  

Wind energy farms – harnessing the power of wind

Wind turbine farms are innovative facilities designed to capture kinetic wind energy and convert it into clean, renewable electricity. Key components include towering wind turbines with aerodynamic blades that spin and transfer kinetic energy to a generator. The generated electricity is then transmitted through power lines, connecting to the electrical grid for distribution.  

Wind energy plants operate through a combination of technology, careful planning, and environmental mindset. Advanced monitoring systems track wind conditions, optimizing turbine performance by adjusting blade angles and speeds. Routine maintenance, inspections, and proactive repairs are essential to ensure safety and efficiency.  

Wind energy farms play a pivotal role in reducing carbon emissions, advancing sustainability, and fostering a cleaner and more eco-friendly energy landscape. 

Wind turbine farms – from blueprint to reality

Wind energy farms undergo meticulous planning, construction, and ongoing monitoring to harness wind power for clean electricity generation. Site selection, driven by wind assessments and environmental surveys, is vital. Compliance with regulations and community engagement ensures permits and sustainable development. Efficient wind turbine layout, guided by advanced modeling, optimizes energy capture with minimal environmental impact. 

During construction, robust foundations, and infrastructure support wind turbines. Skilled installation, safety protocols, and quality control are essential. Operational monitoring, coupled with real-time adjustments, ensures peak performance. Continuous engagement with communities and environmental assessments minimizes impacts, fostering environmental sustainability and social acceptance.  


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